Trying to track down answers to all  your second stimulus check questions can make anyone’s head spin. This is especially true for Social Security recipients, because there are several special rules that only apply to them.

But don’t worry — we’ve got you covered. We combed through the law and related guidance on second-round stimulus checks and pulled out the 10  important things Social Security recipients should know about their second stimulus check. Hopefully, we’ll answer all your questions, point you in the right direction for more information, and provide a little advice for moving forward.

The IRS is Working with the Social Security Administration

picture of Social Security Administration building

For most people, the IRS gets the information it needs to process and send a second stimulus check from their 2019 tax return. The tax agency can also use information it collected from online tools it released last year to help deliver first-round stimulus checks. But for people receiving Social Security retirement benefits, there’s another source of information at the IRS’s disposal.

For retirees who didn’t file a 2019 tax return, the IRS will get the information it needs from the Social Security Administration. In addition, the IRS will also get information from other government departments or agencies for non-filers who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), survivor or disability benefits (SSDI), Railroad Retirement benefits and certain veterans benefits.

While the IRS was also able to get information from the Social Security Administration to process first-round stimulus checks, the process should go more smoothly this time around. As you may recall, there was a point back in April when we weren’t sure if Social Security recipients who didn’t file a 2018 or 2019 tax return would automatically get a first-round stimulus check. They ultimately did, but not without some confusion at the start of the process. Those issues should not crop up for second-round stimulus checks going out now.

You Can Track the Status of Your Stimulus Check

picture of computer screen showing IRS website

The IRS updated a popular online tool that will let you:

  • Check the status of your first or second stimulus check (the tool will show the status of your most recent payment);
  • Confirm your payment type (paper check or direct deposit); and
  • Get a projected direct deposit or paper check delivery date (or find out if a payment hasn’t been scheduled).

The tool is called the “Get May Payment” portal, and it can be found at irs.gov/coronavirus/get-my-paymentSocial Security recipients can use the portal to track the status of their payment, even if they didn’t file a tax return. However, Social Security recipients can’t use the portal to provide bank account information if they didn’t file a 2019 tax return. The IRS will get that information, if it is available, from the Social Security Administration.

There are Various Ways to Receive Your Second Stimulus Check

picture of letters spelling out "direct deposit"

If you filed a 2019 tax return and the IRS has your bank account information, you’ll receive your second stimulus payment by direct deposit. That’s the fastest and easiest way for both you and the IRS.

If you didn’t file a 2019 tax return, you’ll automatically receive your second stimulus check by direct deposit, debit card or paper check — whichever way you normally receive your Social Security benefits. For example, if your benefits are currently deposited to a Direct Express card, your second stimulus check will also be deposited to that card. If your benefits are currently deposited directly into your bank account, your second stimulus check will be deposited to that account. If you didn’t file a 2019 tax return, you’ll be able to use the “Get My Payment” tool to check the status of your payment, but you won’t be able to use it to provide your bank account information.

You Might Not Get All Your Money Right Now if You Have Dependent Children

picture of elderly woman with a child

Social Security recipients who have (or care for) dependent children 16 years old or younger might not get all the money they’re entitled to in their second stimulus check. If you didn’t file a 2019 return, and you didn’t send the IRS information about the children by November 21 (for first-round stimulus check purposes), you probably won’t get an extra $600 per child added to your second stimulus check. (The information for first-round stimulus checks had to be provided online using the IRS’s “Non-Filers: Enter Your Payment Info Here” tool.)

For non-filers who didn’t provide the IRS with the necessary information by the November 21 deadline, your second stimulus payment will be for the standard $600 amount. However, you’ll be able to claim the additional $600-per-child amount as a “recovery rebate” tax credit when you file your 2020 tax return. So, you’ll still get paid, but you’ll just have to wait a while to claim it.

You Won’t Receive a Second Stimulus Check If You’re Listed as a Dependent on Someone’s Tax Return

picture of elderly woman with her adult child

As with the first round of stimulus payments under the CARES Act, not everyone is entitled to a second stimulus check. For instance, if you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return, then you’re not eligible for a stimulus check payment. So, you live with one of your adult children who cares for you, then you won’t get a check if your child can claim you as a dependent on his or her tax return. (That’s the case even if your children don’t actually claim you as a dependent on their return.)

Second Stimulus Payments Will Be Sent to Representative Payees

picture of Social Security card sitting on money

If you have a representative payeethe IRS will send your second stimulus check to the payee using the same method the payee normally receives your monthly benefit (direct deposit, Direct Express, or paper check). But don’t forget — the payment belongs to you.

By law, the entire payment can only be used for your benefit. If a representative payee uses your second stimulus check for the benefit of another person, he or she is subject to a $5,000 civil penalty and could have to pay back up twice the amount of money used for the other person. That’s in addition to any other penalties possible under the law.

The Social Security Administration (SSA) does not have authority to investigate or determine whether a stimulus payment has been misused. However, if the SSA receives an allegation that a payment was not used on behalf of the beneficiary, it can decide to investigate for possible misuse of the beneficiary’s Social Security benefit payments. The SSA can also decide that the representative payee is no longer suitable and appoint a new payee.

You Could Receive a Second Stimulus Check for a Deceased Spouse

picture of elderly person holding old photo of a married couple

Anyone who died before 2020 is not eligible to receive a second stimulus check. This is specifically stated in the new law that authorizes second-round payments. However, that presumably means that anyone who died in 2020 is eligible for a payment. So, Social Security recipients and other people who had a spouse die in 2020 could receive a $600 second-round stimulus check for their deceased loved one (either as a separate payment or as a combined payment of $1,200).

The IRS hasn’t confirmed yet that people died in 2020 are indeed eligible for a second stimulus check. As a result, if you receive a second-round payment for a deceased person, you might want to hold on the money until we know for sure if the IRS is going to ask for it back (as they did with first-round stimulus checks). In other words, don’t spend it right away.

[Note: The IRS sent over 1 million first-round stimulus checks to deceased people. However, the IRS is now allowed access to the Social Security Administration’s “death master file” for second-round payments. This should cut down on the number of stimulus checks sent to people who died before 2020.]